Neurological disorders

What is a Neuromuscular Condition and what types are there?

Neuromuscular diseases are a sub group of neurological diseases where the nerves that control movement are affected. They can be either acquired or genetic, with diagnosis often complex to establish particular strains of disease.

Neuromuscular diseases can be broken down into six general types depending how they affect the body, these are:

  • Muscular dystrophies (MD)

  • Motor neuron conditions

  • Metabolic muscle conditions

  • Conditions of the peripheral nerve

  • Conditions of the neuromuscular junction

  • Neuromuscular myopathies

Exercise not only improves movement and muscle control but also physiology including improved cardiovascular and respiratory function, often the last phase of the condition, leading to increased longevity.

How can exercise help?

Most neuromuscular diseases are incurable, however exercise in neuromuscular diseases is known to improve:

  • quality of life,

  • reduce degradation rate of muscle,

  • improve movement,

  • improve symptoms or co morbidities of the disease,

  • prolong independence through use of arms and legs,

  • reduce risk of falls and injury and can prevent or limit disability.

What role does an Accredited Exercise Physiologist (AEP) play?

As an exercise specialist, an AEP can assess and prescribe the appropriate exercise plan for your condition and symptoms. Given the complexity and stages of degeneration, an individualised program that meets your current needs, goals and symptoms is required. An AEP will monitor the risk versus benefits of exercise including fatigue levels and movement/technique.